今天是联合国日

今天是联合国日,这是《联合国宪章》(《宪章》)在1945年生效的周年纪念日。这份创始文件在经过包括安理会五个常任理事国在内的大多数《宪章》签署国批准后,联合国正式成立。 


当《联合国宪章》于1945年6月26日签署时,为一个致力于以和平方式解决国际争端的二战后时代奠定了基础。


联合国的51个创始成员国中的50个在旧金山会议上签署了宪章(波兰于两个月后签署宪章)。该宪章阐明了联合国对维护和平与国际安全以及支持人权的承诺。


具有重要意义的是,联合国宪章——于1945年10月24日生效——是第一份得到全球支持的关注人权的文献。宪章中有关人权的条文于3年后在1948年得到增强。


《联合国宪章》签署75周年


United Nations Day


Today is UN Day which marks the anniversary of the entry into force in 1945 of the UN Charter. According to the UN, with the ratification of this founding document by the majority of its signatories, including the five permanent members of the Security Council, the United Nations officially came into being.  


When the Charter of the United Nations was signed on June 26, 1945, it set the stage for a post-World War II era dedicated to the resolution of international disputes by peaceful means.


Fifty of the U.N.’s original 51 member countries signed the charter at the San Francisco Conference (Poland signed the charter two months later). The charter proclaimed the U.N.’s commitment to maintaining peace and international security and supporting human rights.


Significantly, the U.N. charter — which entered into force on October 24, 1945 — was the first globally supported document that concerned itself with human rights. Its human rights provisions were strengthened three years later, in 1948. 


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