United Nations Day
Today is UN Day which marks the anniversary of the entry into force in 1945 of the UN Charter. According to the UN, with the ratification of this founding document by the majority of its signatories, including the five permanent members of the Security Council, the United Nations officially came into being.
When the Charter of the United Nations was signed on June 26, 1945, it set the stage for a post-World War II era dedicated to the resolution of international disputes by peaceful means.
Fifty of the U.N.’s original 51 member countries signed the charter at the San Francisco Conference (Poland signed the charter two months later). The charter proclaimed the U.N.’s commitment to maintaining peace and international security and supporting human rights.
Significantly, the U.N. charter — which entered into force on October 24, 1945 — was the first globally supported document that concerned itself with human rights. Its human rights provisions were strengthened three years later, in 1948.